[170][171] Major peninsular rivers, whose steeper gradients prevent their waters from flooding, include the Godavari, the Mahanadi, the Kaveri, and the Krishna, which also drain into the Bay of Bengal;[172] and the Narmada and the Tapti, which drain into the Arabian Sea. Day 1 [427], The improved results garnered by the Indian Davis Cup team and other Indian tennis players in the early 2010s have made tennis increasingly popular in the country. In response, the system of national parks and protected areas, first established in 1935, was expanded substantially. The slowing down of the overall population growth rate was due to the sharp decline in the growth rate in rural areas since 1991. [410] The kurtas worn by young men usually fall to the shins and are seldom plain. Voted back into power in 1980, the Congress saw a change in leadership in 1984, when Indira Gandhi was assassinated; she was succeeded by her son Rajiv Gandhi, who won an easy victory in the general elections later that year. After the 1965 war with Pakistan, India began to pursue close military and economic ties with the Soviet Union; by the late 1960s, the Soviet Union was its largest arms supplier. [43] British Crown rule began in 1858. [245] In 2006, the share of external trade in India's GDP stood at 24%, up from 6% in 1985. Chess, commonly held to have originated in India as chaturaṅga, is regaining widespread popularity with the rise in the number of Indian grandmasters. India is home to two major language families: Indo-Aryan (spoken by about 74% of the population) and Dravidian (spoken by 24% of the population). [404] At first worn by Muslim women, the use of shalwar kameez gradually spread, making them a regional style,[405][406] especially in the Punjab region. [73] These gradually developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation,[74][73] the first urban culture in South Asia,[75] which flourished during 2500–1900 BCE in what is now Pakistan and western India. [150] The next decade was beset with crises: Indian participation in World War II, the Congress's final push for non-co-operation, and an upsurge of Muslim nationalism. Early political consolidations gave rise to the loose-knit Maurya and Gupta Empires based in the Ganges Basin. [294] India was the world's second largest textile exporter after China in the 2013 calendar year. [77] Most historians also consider this period to have encompassed several waves of Indo-Aryan migration into the subcontinent from the north-west. [107][108] By repeatedly repulsing Mongol raiders in the 13th century, the sultanate saved India from the devastation visited on West and Central Asia, setting the scene for centuries of migration of fleeing soldiers, learned men, mystics, traders, artists, and artisans from that region into the subcontinent, thereby creating a syncretic Indo-Islamic culture in the north. Bharat is an official remake of 2014 South Korean film Ode to My Father, directed by Yoon Je-kyoon. Followed by Chellamae where Bharath is cast as the possessive youth.[2].


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