policy is to restrict the sale of arms that clearly could be used to repress a civilian population, such as small arms and violent crowd-control devices.” (The report goes on to note that Turkey now produces the majority of its own pistols, rifles, and hand-held automatic weapons, many of them based on U.S. The Clinton administration has identified and begun to address the links between the small-arms trade and several of today’s security threats, such as drug trafficking and international terrorism. 4 Personen fanden diese Informationen hilfreich, Rezension aus den Vereinigten Staaten vom 27. Increasingly, these victims are pressing their national governments to do something about the plague of small arms. Wiederholen Sie die Anforderung später noch einmal. Throughout the cold war, policy analysts and peace activists alike focused principally on nuclear (and, to a lesser extent, chemical and biological) weapons because of their potential for causing mass death and destruction. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled (most notably in Antonin Scalia's majority opinion in District of Columbia v. Heller[24][25][26]) that due to the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution, the legislative and executive branches of both the federal and state governments are limited in their abilities to regulate gun ownership. Yet, the U.S. continues to market bombers, helicopters, and other weaponry to the Indonesian and Turkish armed forces, both of which have heinous human rights records. Both the black-market traffic in arms and the legal trade must be addressed. Einlöse-Links und eBooks können nicht weiterverkauft werden. He retired from the US army in 1992, highly decorated. However, as pointed out by the Small Arms Survey, in the past ten years twenty-nine countries have made available a national arms export report. The vast supply, though not directly causing conflicts, may encourage the resort to warfare (as opposed to other means of conflict resolution or state formation) and lengthen the duration of wars, thus creating more demand. A necessary next step is the enactment of the Arms Sales Code of Conduct, which would establish firm human rights, democracy, and nonaggression criteria in U.S. law for all arms sales. [34], The persistence and the complication of wars in Africa is sometimes blamed on small arms proliferation. Zugelassene Drittanbieter verwenden diese Tools auch in Verbindung mit der Anzeige von Werbung durch uns. Wählen Sie eine Sprache für Ihren Einkauf. Given their proven record of unintended and disastrous policy consequences, such operations should be forgone, and an international norm should be established to bar government support for armed insurgency. That treaty was signed by Washington and 27 other governments from the hemisphere in November 1997. "[12], The United Nations General Assembly scheduled a review conference in New York[13] which was held from 26 June to 7 July 2006. In his keynote speech before the 50th UN General Assembly, President Clinton highlighted the humanitarian and security threats posed by terrorism, organized crime, and drug trafficking.

Weapons manufacturers have also stepped up overseas marketing, and the National Rifle Association has gone global. Versandoption auswählen und eBooks kaufen. Twenty-five of these countries being European, while only four countries being non-European which include Australia, Canada, South Africa and the United States. Yet many of the steps necessary to mitigate damage associated with the widespread proliferation of light weapons will require vision and political will well beyond what has so far been observed. In February 1994, the State Department announced that it would deny licenses for the transfer of small or light arms and lethal crowd-control items to Indonesia. Underscoring this point, several recent high-profile assassinations in Mexico were performed with guns purchased illegally in the United States. Finally, the administration’s current approach does not deal adequately with the on-going devastation wrought by past U.S. small-arms shipments, including covert supplies. Many small arms of U.S. origin (some authorized, some not) enter into illegal circulation. In 1988, for example, the General Accounting Office disclosed that South Korea had violated the terms of a license for the manufacture of M-16A1 assault rifles, producing in excess of the licensed quantities and exporting them without U.S. approval. The Small Arms Trade: A Beginner's Guide (Beginner's Guides) (English Edition), MP3-CD, Hörbuch, MP3-Audio, Ungekürzte Ausgabe, Rezension aus den Vereinigten Staaten vom 2.

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